Neuronal MML-1/MXL-2 regulates systemic aging via glutamate transporter and cell non-autonomous autophagic and peroxidase activity
|Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 120(39):e2221553120. (2023)
|Neuronal MML-1/MXL-2 regulates systemic aging via glutamate transporter and cell non-autonomous autophagic and peroxidase activity
|Laboratory of Intracellular Membrane Dynamics〈Prof. YOSHIMORI Tamotsu〉
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated the presence of intertissue-communication regulating systemic aging, but the underlying molecular network has not been fully explored. We and others previously showed that two basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors, MML-1 and HLH-30, are required for lifespan extension in several longevity paradigms, including germlineless Caenorhabditis elegans. However, it is unknown what tissues these factors target to promote longevity. Here, using tissue-specific knockdown experiments, we found that MML-1 and its heterodimer partners MXL-2 and HLH-30 act primarily in neurons to extend longevity in germlineless animals. Interestingly, however, the downstream cascades of MML-1 in neurons were distinct from those of HLH-30. Neuronal RNA interference (RNAi)-based transcriptome analysis revealed that the glutamate transporter GLT-5 is a downstream target of MML-1 but not HLH-30. Furthermore, the MML-1-GTL-5 axis in neurons is critical to prevent an age-dependent collapse of proteostasis and increased oxidative stress through autophagy and peroxidase MLT-7, respectively, in long-lived animals. Collectively, our study revealed that systemic aging is regulated by a molecular network involving neuronal MML-1 function in both neural and peripheral tissues.