おもろい研究!君ならできる、ここでできる|新しい生物学・生命科学を拓く大学院|大阪大学大学院生命機能研究科

English

Timely assembly of the mitotic spindle for accurate chromosome segregation
畠星治 (Heidelberg University)

日時

2018年6月20日(木)16:00〜17:00

場所

吹田キャンパス 生命機能研究科 生命システム棟2階 セミナー室

演者

畠星治(Heidelberg University)

演題

Timely assembly of the mitotic spindle for accurate chromosome segregation

要旨

The accuracy of chromosome segregation by the mitotic spindle is crucial to maintain genomic stability. One of the first steps of mitotic spindle assembly is the dissolution of the centrosome linker connecting the two centrosomes of interphase cells. Loss of centrosome disjunction allows centrosome separation that is driven by the Eg5 plus-end directed tetrameric kinesis-5 for the assembly of a bipolar spindle. Although premature or delayed centrosome separation causes chromosome mis-segregation, the mechanism controlling the timely separation of the two centrosome linker, the two centrosomes are kept together by an ill-defined microtubule-dependent mechanism. Here we show that KIFC3, a minus-end directed kinesin-14, provides microtubule-based centrosome cohesion. KIF3, a minus-end directed kinesis-14, provides microtubule-based centrosome cohesion. KIFC3 forms a tetramer that pulls the two centrosomes close together via a specific microtubule network. At mitotic onset, KIFC3 activity becomes the main driving force of centrosome cohesion to prevent premature spindle formation after the linker dissolution as it counteracts the increasing Eg5-driven pushing forces. Interference with the counterbalance between these tetrameric kinesics results in chromosome mis-segregation. Our findings reveal an unanticipated aspect of early mitotic spindle assembly that ensures genomic stability in humans.

世話人

深川竜郎
Tel: 06-6879-4428
E-mail: tfukagawa[at]fbs.osaka-u.ac.jp


セミナー前後に畠博士と個別に面談したい方は、深川までご連絡ください。


http://www.fbs.osaka-u.ac.jp/jpn/seminar/seminar/docs/fbs-seminar-fukagawa-20180620.pdf