Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University

Japanese

"Single cell genomic characterization of circulating tumor cells" Dr. Fan Bai (Biodynamic Optical Imaging Center, Peking University)

Date/Time

February 19, 2015 (Thu), 16:30-17:30

Place

2F Seminar room, Biosystems Building

Speaker

Dr. Fan Bai
Biodynamic Optical Imaging Center, Peking University

Title

Single cell genomic characterization of circulating tumor cells

Abstract

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) enter peripheral blood from primary tumors and seed metastases. The genome sequencing of CTCs could offer noninvasive prognosis or even diagnosis, but has been hampered by low single-cell genome coverage of scarce CTCs. Here, we report the use of the recently developed multiple annealing and looping-based amplification cycles for whole-genome amplification of single CTCs from lung cancer patients. We observed characteristic cancer-associated single-nucleotide variations and insertions/deletions in exomes of CTCs. These mutations provided information needed for individualized therapy, such as drug resistance and phenotypic transition, but were heterogeneous from cell to cell. In contrast, every CTC from an individual patient, regardless of the cancer subtypes, exhibited reproducible copy number variation (CNV) patterns, similar to those of the metastatic tumor of the same patient. Interestingly, different patients with the same lung cancer adenocarcinoma (ADC) shared similar CNV patterns in their CTCs. However, patients of smallcell lung cancer have CNV patterns distinctly different from those of ADC patients. Our finding suggests that CNVs at certain genomic loci are selected for the metastasis of cancer. The reproducibility of cancer-specific CNVs offers potential for CTC-based cancer diagnostics.