Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University

Japanese

Colloquium

The 176th Colloquium Info:Koichi Nakajo(Department of Physiology, Osaka Medical College ・Associate Professor)(Tue. Dec. 12,2017 12:15~)

Speaker Koichi Nakajo(Department of Physiology, Osaka Medical College ・Associate Professor)
Title "Fluorescence imaging techniques for studying structure-function relationships of voltage-gated ion channel complex" 
Date Tue. Dec. 12,2017 12:15~
Room 2F Seminar room, Biosystems Building, FBS
Host Contact:Hiroko Takeuchi(FBS Physiological Laboratory (Kurahashi Lab.) , Assoc. Prof.)
Tel:06-6879-7996
E-mail:hiroko@fbs.osaka-u.ac.jp

Detail

Speaker :Koichi Nakajo(Department of Physiology, Osaka Medical College ・Associate Professor)

Affiliation:Department of Physiology, Osaka Medical College
 
Title:"Fluorescence imaging techniques for studying structure-function relationships of voltage-gated ion channel complex" 

Abstract:
Voltage-gated ion channels are the membrane proteins responsible for electrical signaling in excitable cells such as neurons and muscles.  They have a tetrameric structure with four voltage-sensing domains (VSDs).  In most cases, they are also known to have auxiliary subunits, which can dramatically change the gating properties.  KCNQ1 potassium channel is a good example for studying voltage-gated ion channel complex.  In human heart, an auxiliary subunit KCNE1 binds to KCNQ1 channel and makes its kinetics 100 times slower.  This ion channel complex underlies the "slow" K+ current which plays an important role for cardiac excitability.  To understand the mechanism of the slow gating, we introduced two fluorescence imaging techniques: The first one is to "count" the number of subunit in ion channel complex by utilizing single molecule imaging technique.  The second one is how to track the VSD movement using fluorescence under voltage-clamp.  I will also discuss how these data will be interpreted with recent cryo-EM structures.

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Contact:Hiroko Takeuchi(FBS Physiological Laboratory (Kurahashi Lab.) , Assoc. Prof.)
Tel:06-6879-7996
E-mail:hiroko@fbs.osaka-u.ac.jp

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