Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University

Japanese

Mutations in UVSSA cause UV-sensitive syndrome and destabilize ERCC6 in transcription-coupled DNA repair

Journal Nat Genet 44, 593-597 (2012)
Authors Zhang X, Horibata K, Saijo M, Ishigami C, Ukai A, Kanno S, Tahara H, Neilan EG, Honma M, Nohmi T, Yasui A, Tanaka K
Title Mutations in UVSSA cause UV-sensitive syndrome and destabilize ERCC6 in transcription-coupled DNA repair
PubMed 22466612
Laboratory Human Cell Biology Group 〈Assoc. Prof. Saijo〉
Abstract UV-sensitive syndrome (UV(S)S) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by photosensitivity and deficiency in transcription-coupled repair (TCR), a subpathway of nucleotide-excision repair that rapidly removes transcription-blocking DNA damage. Cockayne syndrome is a related disorder with defective TCR and consists of two complementation groups, Cockayne syndrome (CS)-A and CS-B, which are caused by mutations in ERCC8 (CSA) and ERCC6 (CSB), respectively. UV(S)S comprises three groups, UV(S)S/CS-A, UV(S)S/CS-B and UV(S)S-A, caused by mutations in ERCC8, ERCC6 and an unidentified gene, respectively. Here, we report the cloning of the gene mutated in UV(S)S-A by microcell-mediated chromosome transfer. The predicted human gene UVSSA (formerly known as KIAA1530)(7) corrects defective TCR in UV(S)S-A cells. We identify three nonsense and frameshift UVSSA mutations in individuals with UV(S)S-A, indicating that UVSSA is the causative gene for this syndrome. The UVSSA protein forms a complex with USP7 (ref. 8), stabilizes ERCC6 and restores the hypophosphorylated form of RNA polymerase II after UV irradiation.