Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University

Japanese

Hepatic Interleukin-7 Expression Regulates T Cell Responses

Journal Immunity 30, 447-457 (2009)
Authors Yukihisa Sawa, Yasunobu Arima, Hideki Ogura, Chika Kitabayashi, Jing-Jing Jiang, Toru Fukushima, Daisuke Kamimura, Toshio Hirano, and Masaaki Murakami
Title Hepatic Interleukin-7 Expression Regulates T Cell Responses.
PubMed 19285437
Abstract Systemic cytokine activity in response to Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling induces the expression of various proteins in the liver after infections. Here we show that Interleukin-7 (IL-7), the production of which was thought to occur at a constant rate in vivo, was a hepatically expressed protein that directly controled T cell responses. Depletion of IL-7 expression in the liver abrogated several TLR-mediated T cell events, including enhanced CD4+ T cell and CD8+ T cell survival, augmented CD8+ T cell cytotoxic activity, and the development of experimental autoimmune encephalitis, a Th17 cell-mediated autoimmune disease. Thus, T cell responses are regulated by hepatocyte-derived IL-7, which is expressed in response to TLR signaling in vivo. We suggested that TLR-induced IL-7 expression in the liver, which is an acute-phase response, may be a good diagnostic and therapeutic target for efficient vaccine developments and for conditions characterized by TLR-mediated T cell dysregulation, including autoimmune diseases.